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Are you considering adding a European Doberman to your family? Before you make this life-changing decision, it’s important to know what you’re getting into. As with any breed, Dobermans come with their own unique needs and requirements. This guide will provide you with all the knowledge you need to become a responsible and informed European Doberman owner.

Introduction to European Dobermans

European Dobermans are a beautiful and loyal breed of dog with a long history. In the late 19th century, Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann, a German tax collector, developed the breed as a guard dog. The breed is widely known for its intelligence, strength, and athleticism. Dobermans have a sleek and muscular build, and they come in four colors: black, blue, fawn, and red. The average lifespan of this breed is 10 to 12 years.

Dobermans are pack animals, which means that they need companionship. They are also very active and require plenty of exercise. This breed is known for its loyalty and obedience, but like all dogs, they need proper training to be well-mannered.


When it comes to training your European Doberman, consistency is key. You should set rules and be consistent in enforcing them. This breed is very intelligent and learns quickly, so training should be a positive experience. You should use positive reinforcement, such as treats or praise, to reward good behavior.

It’s important to socialize your Doberman from a young age. This will help them become comfortable with people, other dogs, and other animals. 

Taking your dog to puppy classes is a great way to socialize them and teach them basic commands.

You should also start teaching your Doberman basic obedience commands such as sit, stay, and come. This will help you have better control over your dog, and it will make it easier for them to understand your commands.


Dobermans are relatively easy to groom. They have a short, smooth coat that does not require much maintenance. You should brush their coat a few times a week to keep it looking healthy and shiny. You should also bathe them once a month or as needed.

It’s important to check your dog’s ears regularly for any signs of infection. If you notice any redness or discharge, you should contact your vet as soon as possible. You should also trim your Doberman’s nails at least once a month.


When it comes to feeding your Doberman, it’s important to provide them with a balanced diet. You should feed them high-quality dog food that is specifically formulated for large breeds. You should also provide them with plenty of fresh water.

You should feed your Doberman twice a day. The amount of food you give them should be appropriate for their age, size, and activity level. You should also avoid giving them any table scraps or snacks that are not part of their regular diet.

Exercise Requirements

European Dobermans are very active and require plenty of exercise. They should get at least 30 minutes of exercise per day. This can include walking, running, or playing fetch. You should also provide mental stimulation for your Doberman, such as playing games or teaching them new tricks.

It’s important to keep your European Doberman on a leash when you are walking them. This will help ensure that they stay safe and don’t wander off. You should also avoid taking them off-leash in areas where there are other dogs or animals.

Health Issues

Dobermans are generally healthy, but like all breeds, they can be prone to certain health issues. Some of the most common health issues in this breed include hip dysplasia, bloat, and hypothyroidism. It’s important to have your Doberman checked by a vet regularly to ensure that they are healthy and to catch any potential health issues early.

Common Behavioral Problems

Dobermans are generally very obedient, but they can have certain behavioral issues. Some of the most common behavioral issues in this breed include aggression, separation anxiety, and excessive barking. It’s important to identify and address any behavioral issues early to prevent them from becoming worse.

If you notice any signs of aggression or other behavioral issues in your European Doberman, you should contact a professional dog trainer. They can help you identify the underlying cause of the issue and provide you with tips for managing it.


Owning a Doberman is a big responsibility, but it can also be very rewarding. This breed is known for its loyalty and intelligence, and with the right care, they can make great companions. Before you bring a European Doberman into your family, make sure you understand their needs and requirements. With the right knowledge and care, your Doberman can be a happy and healthy part of your family for many years to come.